Surgery however is generally needed to put the bone pieces back together.

INJURY
Elbow Fractures

ALSO KNOWN AS
Broken Elbow

ABOUT
The elbow tip, also called the olecranon, is positioned directly under the skin of without much protection from muscle or other soft tissue and thus can easily break after a direct blow or fall on a bent elbow.

COMMON INJURY

Olcranon fractures are common and while they usually occur in isolation, they are generally part of a more complex elbow injury. They occur most generally through a direct blow or an indirect fracture where the elbow is locked straight when falling on the wrist.


DIAGNOSIS
You and your SMGOA physician will discuss a variety of elements such as your activities, risk factors, previous elbow injuries, a history of rheumatoid arthritis or nerve diseases and when your symptoms began. In addition to the physical exam, x-rays and/or MRI and/or EMG may be ordered.

NON SURGICAL TREATMENT
Elbow fractures are seen as emergency cases because the patient will be in extreme pain and most likely unable to move the elbow. In addition to a physical exam, x-rays will be ordered. Some fractures require a sling or splint along with physical therapy to return to near normal.

SURGICAL TREATMENT
Surgery however is generally needed to put the bone pieces back together. Metal implants are sued to hold the bone parts in place until they heal and fuse together.

Elbow Fractures
A. Anterior fracture-disclocations of the olecranon. B. Posterior fracture-dislocations of the olecranon.
Image courtesy of AAOS