The meniscus are two pieces of cartilage situated between the thighbone and shinbone that act as shock absorbers in your knee and help to cushion the joint.

Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Osgood-Schlatter disease occurs in growing children, typically that participate in athletics like running and jumping sports. It commonly occurs while a child is going through a growth spurt and their bones, muscles and tendons are changing at a quick rate. Inflammation originates below the knee where the patellar tendon attaches to the tibia (shinbone). This area is also referred to as the tibial tubercle. The tibial tubercle covers a growth plate at the end of the tibia and is also where the quadriceps attach.

In Osgood-Schlatter disease the quadricep pulls on the patellar tendon which pulls on the tibial tubercle when a child is active. The repetition can cause the inflammation at the growth plate.

Your physician will discuss symptoms and do a physical exam of the knee. The inflamed tibial tubercle is usually tender when pressure is added. An x-ray may be ordered to rule out another injury and confirm the diagnosis.

The treatment objective is to reduce the pain and swelling. Rest from activity may be required but stretching exercising and anti-inflammatories may help to relieve pain. Symptoms should subside by are 14 or 16 when children complete the growth spurt period.

Surgery is rarely recommended.

Osgood-Schlatter Disease
Osgood-Schlatter disease causes pain at the tibial tubercle — the bony bump where the patellar tendon attaches to the tibia (shinbone).
Image courtesy of AAOS