Shin splints develop after sudden changes in activity such as  frequency, duration, or intensity.

INJURY
Shin Splints

ALSO KNOWN AS
Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome

ABOUT
Shin splints is a common exercise-related problem that refers to pain along the inner edge of the tibia (shinbone) where the muscles attach to bone. Those muscles, tendons, and bone tissue around the shinbone become inflamed from being overworked with continuous activity.

COMMON INJURY
Shin splints develop after sudden changes in activity such as  frequency, duration, or intensity. Other causes to consider could be flat feet or high arches or wearing old shoes that are worn out.

DIAGNOSIS
Symptoms of sharp, dull, or throbbing pain occur during and after activity and noticeable tenderness by touching the area. Your physician will want to examine your leg and go over symptoms. You may need x-rays to rule out any other conditions that could cause shin pain.

NON SURGICAL TREATMENT
Treatment would include rest from certain activities that would aggravate the condition. Lower impact activity can be substituted for exercise. Anti-inflammatory medicine, ice, compression, supportive shoes, stretching, and in some cases orthotics will help to repair the shin splints.

SURGICAL TREATMENT
Surgery has only been done in very severe cases.

Shin Splints
Shin splint pain most often occurs on the inside edge of your shinbone.
Image courtesy of AAOS